The Village - Khu các Làng dân tộc - Ha Nhi

Ha Nhi ethnic village

Ha Nhi ethnic village - Villages of Ethnics I- Vietnam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism
Ha Nhi ethnic village in Vietnam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism
has area of 0,34 hectare, in which the construction area is 202,47m2, including two straw-clay houses and one house for rice mortar covering. Ha Nhi’s house in Vietnam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism includes two straw-clay houses with the total area of 196,94m2.

A corner of Ha Nhi ethnic village - Vietnam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism. Photo: DK

Straw-clay house is a type of the popular house of some ethnics in the northern mountainous provinces; however Ha Nhi’s straw-clay house has some unique features such as technology of stone combination for foundation and embank of foot of the wall, technology of frame connection for wooden house, four isosceles trapezium roofs with cottage to create spire gable. The house includes the ground base, wooden plank and inlaid floor to get used to the conditions of environment and weather.
Although, it is the straw-clay house, it is still designed based on rafters. To assembly the frame, Ha Nhi people use two basic techniques such as artificial mifilled piles and tenon. Because the frame has the piling structure, jack rafters of the house do not directly connect with crossbeams and piles while jack rafters will link with the roof. Jack rafters are directly supported by system of handle jack and ridge beam and fixed by roof cross bars. In addition to the main wooden rafters, there are some sub rafters.
Ha Nhi’s houses are embanked foundation by stone. The foundation is dug about two spans and embanked stone higher than the ground about two spans. The layer of stone in the foundation and foot of wall help the house to be stable.
The roof is covered by cottage. However, it is not created each cottage plate, it is set a bunch and then spreads many layers, the root goes down that is fixed by braces.
Each house includes three or four air doors to be gotten light. Ha Nhi people do not make big windows because they are afraid that the wind blows in the house in winter. When they build houses, they only design some small round window-panes that are a little slanted toward the high. These window-panes are both ventilation and make smoke out. The altar is set inside bulkhead of the left gable space and the middle space, near three-legged stove, above men’s sleeping place.
The house includes two stoves: three-legged one and cooking one. The three-legged stove is created from three pebbles that are fixed in the ground in the square wooden frame and the altar is placed near the right wall on the floor of the middle space. The cooking stove is square, which is made from clay before staying a new house.
Host’s bed room is arranged in the right space, near the wall of the middle space inside of the house.

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