The Village - Khu các Làng dân tộc - Thai

Thai Ethnic Village

Thai Ethnic village - The Vietnam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism
Thai Ethnic village in The Vietnam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism has an area of 0,46ha, in which, the construction area is 437,84m2, including 01stilt house with tortoise shaped roof, 01 stilt house with sloppy roof, 01 charnel house.

Thai people’s stilt house: tortoise shell shaped roof and sloppy roof in the Vietnam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism. Photo: DK

Living house: 02 stilt houses of Thai Ethnic group in The Vietnam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism have an area of 412,38m2. Basically, White Thai stilt houses and Black Thai stilt houses are the same but there are also some different features in: the shape of roof set, living site and ladder position etc.

The house frame of Thai people is formed on the connection of rafters with two basic types: “ thu khang” rafter includes two columns and one cross beam; it means column – crossbeam – lever or column – lever – crossbeam and the “khay dieng” rafter is the “thu khang” rafter which is expanded by adding to small pillars to two sides and at two small pillar ends, the structure is based on the principle truss – column – beam.

The stilt houses of White Thai house has tortoise shell shaped roof, covered with thatches, surrounded with bamboo partition. There are two main doors at two gabbles; the front and back side have many windows. There are two ladders at two gabbles.

The house of Black Thai. Photo: DK

The White Thai’s stilt house: the gabble is sloppy and oblique, the Black Thai stilt house: dome, tortoise shell shaped roof. The Thai’s house is distinguished by “khau cut” to distinguish the social position of the host. The Thai house almost has no private room for each member but just has the regulation of the space portions for each person.

The stilt house of the White Thai people. Photo: DK

In respect of activities, the house of Black Thai divides the space vertically, into the main spaces, wing spaces, side wing spaces. Boundaries crossing the kitchen, there are two ladders in the gable. The main ladder is up to the management space, close to the side wing. From this time through the front door, on the right is a small space for in-law, if not in law, to her son. On the left is the bed and furniture for guests. Next is the space with their ancestral altar, then kitchen. The back space is for my wife and daughter. At the end of the house, the lower part is the place for women's work (sewing, mending, embroidery, knitting, etc.), and also a place for water. The open place is to enjoy winds and dry clothes. The side ladder here is mainly for women travelling.

The typical dance of Thai ethnic group in The Vietnam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism. Photo: TTD

 

In respect of activities, the house of the White Thai is divided into three parts, vertically. The ladder is located in the gable. Straight up the ladder to the reception room, closed to living room on the left is the place for a girl, next to the table, followed by the kitchen. At the end is the floor of the water and side floor for women’s travelling. Corridor is between the kitchen and living room; far away from spun yarn and loom. The front corridor, at the gable is a small room for guests and a small box inside to place their ancestral altar, next is the place for the householder spousal and children’s spousal.

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