The Village - Khu các Làng dân tộc - Dao

Dao ethnic village

Dao ethnic village –Villages of Ethnics I – Vietnam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism

Dao ethnic village - Vietnam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism Photo: TTD

Dao ethnic village - Vietnam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism has total area of 0,34 hectare, in which the construction area is 195,89 m2, including one stilt house, two houses with half of floor and half of land, one granary and one barn.
Although the Dao lives in anywhere, they also have common points: living in high and dry places sheltered from the wind with breeding yard, near to forests for feul, food and specially living near water resource is the most important thing.
The tract houses of the Dao cover five spaces. The two head spaces have the same size while three middle spaces have the different spaces. Building frame is designed based on rafters with braces. The roof of houses is covered by cottage and surrounded by bamboo walls. Bedrooms or beds are put the rear of the house. Ancestral altar is set in the middle of the house and near to the hostess’s room. The house often consists of two kitchens in which there are one main kitchen and sub kitchen for guests in winter. There are two types of kitchen, including closed kitchen (stove) and opened kitchen (three-legged stove). The house often involves four doors and no windows. 

The house of the Dao in Vietnam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism. Photo: DK

For the house with half of floor and half of land: the house includes four spaces, simple frame, brace, cottage roof, bamboo wall, two doors in gables and one doors in the front of the house. The house with half of land has three small rooms, including half of right house for male guests, another for female guests, gable space for setting water blank in the floor. Recently, the Dao who settled agriculture and grew rice field in the low areas has lived in stilt house. The Dao who stays in the house with half of floor and half of land lives on milpa, shifting cultivation of wandering hilltribes. The house leans against the mountain side and has more floors which are instead of the beds. The house with half of floor and half of land is a distortion of tract house to meet the conditions of farming production and settlement on the slope.
The Dao is taboo to make their house in series that ridge beam lies on the line. When the house has not been completed or held a completion ceremony, it must be waited to rebuild in a good day if they heard roll of thunder.

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