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04:50 | 24/11/2013

 Conference “Solutions to preserving and promoting the traditional costumes of ethnic minorities”

(LVH) - On 22nd November 2013, at the public service house, Vietnam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism (Đong Mo, Son Tay, Hanoi) occurred the Conference “Solutions to preserving and promoting the traditional costumes of ethnic minorities” in the current stage. Deputy Minister of Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism Mr. Ho Anh Tuan attended and chaired the Conference.

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 The seminar

120 delegates participating in the seminar were the leaders of Department, Ministry and Branch, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism of localities and representatives as specialists, scientists, cultural managers, representatives of ethnic minority communities chaired by the Department of Ethnic Culture coordination with a number of units, Conference was one of contents in order to deploy the cultural policy and guidance, particularly the Decision No. 1270/QD-TTg dated 27th July 2011 of the Prime Minister approving the scheme “The conservation and development of Vietnam ethnic minority cultures up to 2020”.

 

Deputy Minister of Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Mr. Ho Anh Tuan, gave speech at the Opening ceremony of Conference

In his opening speech, Deputy Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Mr. Ho Anh Tuan said that costumes were cultural elements conveying the ethnic nuances, local shades and contained historical and cultural values and deep humanity values. Costumes as well as other traditional cultural values were affected by the objective and subjective conditions. The preservation and promotion of traditional costumes depended on many factors including socio-economic conditions, natural environment, historic and human environment, aesthetics awareness of ethnic communities. Especially, the impact of all policies and guidance related to the conservation and promotion of traditional cultures of ethnic groups in general and traditional costumes in particular.”

 

Mr. Hoang Duc Hau, General Director of Department of Ethnic Culture reported in the Conference

 The conference introductory report, Mr. Hoang Duc Hau, General Director of Department of Ethnic Culture (Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism) affirmed that the costumes of ethnic groups were modified quickly; many ethnic groups no longer hold cultural identity of traditional costumes, especially the ethnic minorities. It could be said that the preservation and promotion of traditional cultures in general and the traditional costumes of ethnic minorities in particular faced with great challenges than ever before. Therefore, in order to turn the preservation and development of identity in ethnic costumes into the common awareness, it needed the participation of all levels of all the branches.

At the conference, most of delegates agreed with the viewpoint: the issue of conservation and promote the traditional costumes of ethnic groups were facing major challenges in the current situation. Issues such as: The skillful people were not officially recognized as influential artists to teach the next generation. In fact, the ethnic costumes did not have much opportunity to introduce and advertise extensively as well as the issues that many delegates stated.

 

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Doan Thi Tinh at the Conference

 Explaining the current reality that several ethnic costumes are sewn with cheap fabrics from China, Dr. Doan Thi Tinh emphasized that in order to sew a traditional costume, people spent a lot of time and the expense were so great, so people often chose to buy ready fabric to sew. Previously, people usually self-produced materials such as brocade or linen; however, there was no output with reasonable prices, people do not anymore...

 

The designer of Ao Dai, Ms Lan Huong (left) and Prof. Hoang Nam (right)
At the Conference

This situation does not only occur in the villages, hamlets where ethnic minorities live, but right at Hanoi capital. Ms. Lan Huong, a Ao dai designer, shared several examples in the Van Phuc silk village that in Van Phuc silk village today, it was hard to find the silks that was made by people here themselves, most of them were taken from China. Agreeing with this, Ms. Vang Thi Mai, Hmong people from Ha Giang compared that the ethnic people made traditional fabric with the hope for a reasonable price to ensure their life but it did not. Ti was like a child who was feed for a long time but did not grow, so they left it gradually. She also shared the desire that Dong Xuan market in Hanoi would reserve a space for ethnic minorities to introduce and promote their traditional costumes to people.

Many delegates also shared, not just the older even school children and students from ethnic minorities today were afraid to wear their ethnic costumes because when they wore them, other people would look at them with curious eyes and made them feel ashamed and embarrassed... For this, Vi Hong Nhan, the cultural researcher said that the reason was that ethnic group did not have a suitable environment to express their costumes, it meant that costumes, culture and own voice of the ethnic people needed its proper space. In addition, it was necessary to create awareness and change in perception on the part of those in the state agencies and people on the costumes of ethnic minorities...
Prof. Hoang Nam said: “Culture is changes, changes are culture”. So, he suggested: “ the trend of change is to find the ways of modernizing cultures and nationalizing the alien culture” and to preserve the cultural heritage of traditional costumes, it required the love the historical values in addition with the sense of creative thinking to preserve and develop them.
Most of the ethnic costumes were very sophisticated and had many textures. This was one of several reasons that people were afraid to wear them. Giving comments on this content, Prof. Doan Thi Tinh boldly proposed the solution of “Adapting the ethnic costumes to fit more”, especially for the office employees. However, adapting should be both neat and convenient for the wearers but still retained the characteristic features of that ethnic group.

 

The delegate Lo Xuan Tinh, Ơ đu person at Nga My Commue, Tuong Duong District, Nghe An

The delegate Lo Xuan Tinh, Ơ đu person at Nga My Commue, Tuong Duong District, Nghe An Shared about the shirt he was wearing "only shaman can wear it, those who are not shaman wear cotton". He also wished that Party and State paid more attention to facilitate people more so that they had opportunities to hone their skills at locality.
Parallel to the issues raised, delegates also gave out a lot of suggestions, namely: raising the awareness of values and meanings of the traditional costumes; conduct the basic survey on the status and needs of the ethnic minority groups to take the overall look; the State agencies should pay more attention to encourage people to resume the development of traditional crafts such as weaving brocades and jewelry crafts, opening the traditional vocational training for young people etc.
Giving the conclusion speech, Deputy Minister of Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism Ho Anh Tuan emphasized the importance of preserving the traditional costumes of ethnic minorities because it was the cultural product of ethnic group. He wished that in the coming time the issue of traditional costume conservation and promotion of ethnic minorities would be paid more concern by industries and sectors so that it obtained the high efficiency.

H.Huyen

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